Dating arabic in pakistan
The country is also home to several regional languages, including Punjabi, Saraiki, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Kashmiri, Hindko, Brahui, Shina, Balti, Khowar, Dhatki, Marwari, Wakhi and Burushaski.
From among these, four (Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi) are provincial languages.
If both are included then 60% of the population speaks Punjabi which is the exact population proportion of Punjab province to the overall population of Pakistan.
The standard Punjabi dialect is from the Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura districts of the Pakistani Punjab, as was used by Waris Shah (1722–1798) in his famous book Heer Ranjha and which is also nowadays the language of Punjabi literature and music.
This language, according to Rahman, is the ancestor of both modern Hindi and Urdu.
These became two distinct varieties when Urdu was first Persianized in the 18th century and then Hindi was Sanskritized from 1802 onwards.
According to the linguistic historian Tariq Rahman, however, the oldest name of what is now called Urdu is Hindustani or Hindvi and it existed in some form at least from the 14th century if not earlier (Rahman 2011).